There are a wide variety of techniques available, and formats and styles of essay in use in education. However, you should know how to structure an essay, and understand the basic structural tenets that all essays of them follow. As you prepare how to set out an essay, remember that all academic papers must include an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion.
Tips on working through the body of an academic essay
The main body constitutes the largest portion of the overall text at least 70 percent of the total volume. The introduction and conclusion should each be concise, yet informative, taking up no more than 30 percent of the entire paper. Every essay begins with an introduction to the topic about which you plan to write. It is best to keep the intro brief and concise, preparing the reader for the information they are going to consume. Discuss the topic as well as the scope in the introduction.
The scope of your paper is largely dependent on its size. When starting out, you must address a certain issue relevant to a particular time and place: i. Present an overview of the research you have done. Perhaps the most important part of any essay introduction is the thesis statement.
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In the personal thesis statement, you announce an argument you wish to make about the topic in question. You acknowledge detracting points against your argument and provide research findings that demonstrate the overarching strength of your argument in the face of those who would object. You also describe the overall conclusion you wish to convince the readers of during the course of your paper.
The body of an essay is its largest section where the author explains in detail each component of the thesis statement mentioned in the introduction; it should be the primary focus of the initial draft. Typically, it involves one paragraph per component on a shorter composition and paragraphs each for a longer piece of writing. Regarding essay paragraph structure, each paragraph should start with an introductory sentence. It should discuss the component in detail using proper citation, and let the final sentence of the paragraph sum it up before moving on to the next idea.
Each idea in your essay is mentioned in its own distinct paragraph and should be able to stand on its own if taken out of context. At the same time, there should still be some narrative flow from one idea to the next. Another important aspect to consider about the body of an essay is the questions you should be prepared to answer.
What did the decision entail? When did it happen, and where?
Writing Your Essay
Of course, addressing the how and why the decision occurred are more involved answers and so require more than one paragraph each. By the time you have reached your conclusion, you should have nothing new to say. In other words, all of the evidence, data, or other information sources you have used exists within the introduction and main body of the essay.
The conclusion is not the time for new information, but the time to reinforce your argument, and leave the reader convinced. As for essay conclusion structure that will leave a lasting impression on the reader, use short, clear, simple sentences in your conclusion, and avoid lengthy and complex new words.
Tie your argument to a greater issue in your topic as alluded to in the introduction , persuading the readers to agree with your point of view once and for all. Below is a list of five of the most common types of essay scholars are likely to be assigned throughout the course of their studies and what is required.
How are IELTS essays marked?
Bear in mind that the structure of an essay in all cases should follow the same general rules regarding the introduction, main body, and conclusion regarding proportionate length and content. Example topics of each are included to help you get a perfect sense of what each style entails.
- skeleton essay outline!
- Write the Body Paragraphs.
- mla format for one page essay;
An analytical essay involves constructing an argument around an issue you are seeking to analyze. It is regularly framed as an analysis of a piece of art or literature, but could just as easily work as an analysis of an idea or position of philosophy. As with any standard essay, an analytical essay structure requires an introduction featuring an articulate, yet innovative thesis statement. The main body presents the central topics you wish to analyze along with substantive evidence backing your claims using proper citation.
Analyze the actions Abigail and her group took to defend their village against the presence of witches, and how it was reflected in their own social station in the community at large. Argumentative essays present a debate on a given issue where both pros and cons are offered, with the writer presenting greater evidence for his or her argument before summarizing the findings in the conclusion.
Once you have captivated the readers with your hook, tell them why they should care about the issue, and finally introduce your thesis before proceeding into the main body. Your main body should include a discussion of your arguments and an effort to refute the rebuttal. For the section where you develop your argument, you need to make claims and back them up with evidence. A claim is a statement you make to enforce your argument, and evidence is the documented information that substantiate each claim. The concluding sentence is an optional component of a paragraph.
In other words, it is not absolutely necessary. It most useful for especially long paragraphs, as it will help the reader to remember of the main ideas of the paragraph. In short, the harm to our health and to the environment means that pollution from cars is a major drawback. Here the concluding sentence not only repeats the controlling idea of the topic sentence , that cars cause pollution, but also summarises the information of the paragraph, which is that the pollution from cars is harmful to both our health and the environment.
The following are useful transition signals to use for the concluding sentence:. Below is a discussion essay which looks at the advantages and disadvantages of car ownership.
This essay is used throughout the essay writing section to help you understand different aspects of essay writing. Here it focuses on topic sentences and controlling ideas mentioned on this page , the thesis statement and general statements of the introduction, and the summary and final comment of the conclusion. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay. Although they were invented almost a hundred years ago, for decades cars were only owned by the rich.
Since the 60s and 70s they have become increasingly affordable, and now most families in developed nations, and a growing number in developing countries, own a car. While cars have undoubted advantages , of which their convenience is the most apparent, they have significant drawbacks , most notably pollution and traffic problems.
The most striking advantage of the car is its convenience. When travelling long distance, there may be only one choice of bus or train per day, which may be at an unsuitable time. The car, however, allows people to travel at any time they wish, and to almost any destination they choose. While car ownership is increasing in almost all countries of the world, especially in developing countries, the amount of available roadway in cities is not increasing at an equal pace.
This can lead to traffic congestion, in particular during the morning and evening rush hour. In some cities, this congestion can be severe, and delays of several hours can be a common occurrence. Such congestion can also affect those people who travel out of cities at the weekend. Spending hours sitting in an idle car means that this form of transport can in fact be less convenient than trains or aeroplanes or other forms of public transport.
In conclusion, while the car is advantageous for its convenience , it has some important disadvantages , in particular the pollution it causes and the rise of traffic jams. If countries can invest in the development of technology for green fuels, and if car owners can think of alternatives such as car sharing, then some of these problems can be lessened. Union of Concerned Scientists Car Emissions and Global Warming.
Like the website? Try the books. Below is a checklist for the main body of an essay. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you.
Find out how to structure the conclusion of an essay in the next section. Go back to the previous section about the essay introduction. Scroll to Top. The writing process What is the writing process? Subscribe to the newsletter. AWL Words on this page from the academic word list.